New patterns of migration
With the reduction of transport and communication costs and the increase in political and ethnic conflicts patterns of migration changed in both quantitative and qualitative ways. While a macro perspective shows higher volatility and reduced spatial stability of migration flows, a micro perspective correspondingly reveals an increase in the frequency of migration episodes over the life course and in transnational biographies. Also violence, persecution and displacement gave rise to new migration routes and patterns which have been insufficiently studied. Against this backdrop the department uses macrodata and microeconomic datasets, such as the IAB-SOEP migration sample and the IAB-BAMF-SOEP refugee survey, and new econometric methods to study the quantitative and qualitative changes in migration patterns and processes.
Economic integration of migrants
In cooperation with the department "Labor Market, Migration, and Integration" we study different aspects of economic integration and participation of migrants in a series of inter-departmental projects and activities. Based mostly on microdata we analyze the institutional, qualificational and labor-market-related conditions for integration, determinants of the segmentation of labor markets based on national or ethnic origin, and the effect of networks on economic integration. Gender-specific inequality is an important part of this research. A main focus is to study obstacles for the integration of refugees into the labor market using the IAB-BAMF-SOEP survey.
Economic effects of migration and integration
Migration not only influences labor markets in origin and destination countries but also entails consequences for investments in physical and human capital, productivity and growth as well as the tax and transfer system of public budgets and social security. This in turn affects aggregate production and distribution of income and employment opportunities. The department studies aspects of these processes based on macro- and microdata.
Evidence-based counselling in the area of politics, of the public and of civil society
Our goal is to inform and counsel politicians, the public and civil society based on evidence from scientific research. With an interactive approach, actors are not only recipients of counselling and information, but are also included in the development of research questions relevant to society.